Cosa c’è nel tuo .vimrc?

Vi e Vim consentono una personalizzazione davvero fantastica, in genere archiviata in un file .vimrc . Le caratteristiche tipiche di un programmatore sono l’evidenziazione della syntax, l’indentazione intelligente e così via.

Quali altri trucchi per la programmazione produttiva hai, nascosto nel tuo .vimrc?

Sono principalmente interessato a refactoring, classi di auto e macro di produttività simili, in particolare per C #.

Te la sei cercata 🙂

 "{{{Auto Commands " Automatically cd into the directory that the file is in autocmd BufEnter * execute "chdir ".escape(expand("%:p:h"), ' ') " Remove any trailing whitespace that is in the file autocmd BufRead,BufWrite * if ! &bin | silent! %s/\s\+$//ge | endif " Restore cursor position to where it was before augroup JumpCursorOnEdit au! autocmd BufReadPost * \ if expand(":p:h") !=? $TEMP | \ if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | \ let JumpCursorOnEdit_foo = line("'\"") | \ let b:doopenfold = 1 | \ if (foldlevel(JumpCursorOnEdit_foo) > foldlevel(JumpCursorOnEdit_foo - 1)) | \ let JumpCursorOnEdit_foo = JumpCursorOnEdit_foo - 1 | \ let b:doopenfold = 2 | \ endif | \ exe JumpCursorOnEdit_foo | \ endif | \ endif " Need to postpone using "zv" until after reading the modelines. autocmd BufWinEnter * \ if exists("b:doopenfold") | \ exe "normal zv" | \ if(b:doopenfold > 1) | \ exe "+".1 | \ endif | \ unlet b:doopenfold | \ endif augroup END "}}} "{{{Misc Settings " Necesary for lots of cool vim things set nocompatible " This shows what you are typing as a command. I love this! set showcmd " Folding Stuffs set foldmethod=marker " Needed for Syntax Highlighting and stuff filetype on filetype plugin on syntax enable set grepprg=grep\ -nH\ $* " Who doesn't like autoindent? set autoindent " Spaces are better than a tab character set expandtab set smarttab " Who wants an 8 character tab? Not me! set shiftwidth=3 set softtabstop=3 " Use english for spellchecking, but don't spellcheck by default if version >= 700 set spl=en spell set nospell endif " Real men use gcc "compiler gcc " Cool tab completion stuff set wildmenu set wildmode=list:longest,full " Enable mouse support in console set mouse=a " Got backspace? set backspace=2 " Line Numbers PWN! set number " Ignoring case is a fun trick set ignorecase " And so is Artificial Intellegence! set smartcase " This is totally awesome - remap jj to escape in insert mode. You'll never type jj anyway, so it's great! inoremap jj  nnoremap JJJJ  " Incremental searching is sexy set incsearch " Highlight things that we find with the search set hlsearch " Since I use linux, I want this let g:clipbrdDefaultReg = '+' " When I close a tab, remove the buffer set nohidden " Set off the other paren highlight MatchParen ctermbg=4 " }}} "{{{Look and Feel " Favorite Color Scheme if has("gui_running") colorscheme inkpot " Remove Toolbar set guioptions-=T "Terminus is AWESOME set guifont=Terminus\ 9 else colorscheme metacosm endif "Status line gnarliness set laststatus=2 set statusline=%F%m%r%h%w\ (%{&ff}){%Y}\ [%l,%v][%p%%] " }}} "{{{ Functions "{{{ Open URL in browser function! Browser () let line = getline (".") let line = matchstr (line, "http[^ ]*") exec "!konqueror ".line endfunction "}}} "{{{Theme Rotating let themeindex=0 function! RotateColorTheme() let y = -1 while y == -1 let colorstring = "inkpot#ron#blue#elflord#evening#koehler#murphy#pablo#desert#torte#" let x = match( colorstring, "#", g:themeindex ) let y = match( colorstring, "#", x + 1 ) let g:themeindex = x + 1 if y == -1 let g:themeindex = 0 else let themestring = strpart(colorstring, x + 1, y - x - 1) return ":colorscheme ".themestring endif endwhile endfunction " }}} "{{{ Paste Toggle let paste_mode = 0 " 0 = normal, 1 = paste func! Paste_on_off() if g:paste_mode == 0 set paste let g:paste_mode = 1 else set nopaste let g:paste_mode = 0 endif return endfunc "}}} "{{{ Todo List Mode function! TodoListMode() e ~/.todo.otl Calendar wincmd l set foldlevel=1 tabnew ~/.notes.txt tabfirst " or 'norm! zMzr' endfunction "}}} "}}} "{{{ Mappings " Open Url on this line with the browser \w map w :call Browser () " Open the Project Plugin  nnoremap   :Project " Open the Project Plugin nnoremap  pal :Project .vimproject " TODO Mode nnoremap  todo :execute TodoListMode() " Open the TagList Plugin  nnoremap   :Tlist " Next Tab nnoremap   :tabnext " Previous Tab nnoremap   :tabprevious " New Tab nnoremap   :tabnew " Rotate Color Scheme  nnoremap   :execute RotateColorTheme() " DOS is for fools. nnoremap   :%s/$//g:%s// /g " Paste Mode! Dang!  nnoremap   :call Paste_on_off() set pastetoggle= " Edit vimrc \ev nnoremap  ev :tabnew:e ~/.vimrc " Edit gvimrc \gv nnoremap  gv :tabnew:e ~/.gvimrc " Up and down are more logical with g.. nnoremap  k gk nnoremap  j gj inoremap   gka inoremap   gja " Good call Benjie (r for i) nnoremap   i r nnoremap   a r " Create Blank Newlines and stay in Normal mode nnoremap  zj o nnoremap  zk O " Space will toggle folds! nnoremap  za " Search mappings: These will make it so that going to the next one in a " search will center on the line it's found in. map N Nzz map n nzz " Testing set completeopt=longest,menuone,preview inoremap   pumvisible() ? "\" : "\u\" inoremap   pumvisible() ? "\cn>" : "\cn>\cr>=pumvisible() ? \"\\down>\" : \"\"\cr>" inoremap   pumvisible() ? "\cn>" : "\cx>\co>\cn>\cp>\cr>=pumvisible() ? \"\\down>\" : \"\"\cr>" " Swap ; and : Convenient. nnoremap ; : nnoremap : ; " Fix email paragraphs nnoremap par :%s/^>$// "ly$O#{{{ "lpjjj_%A#}}}jjzajj "}}} "{{{Taglist configuration let Tlist_Use_Right_Window = 1 let Tlist_Enable_Fold_Column = 0 let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow = 1 let Tlist_Use_SingleClick = 1 let Tlist_Inc_Winwidth = 0 "}}} let g:rct_completion_use_fri = 1 "let g:Tex_DefaultTargetFormat = "pdf" let g:Tex_ViewRule_pdf = "kpdf" filetype plugin indent on syntax on 

Questo non è nel mio file .vimrc, ma ieri ho imparato a conoscere il comando ]p . Ciò incolla il contenuto di un buffer proprio come fa p , ma regola automaticamente il rientro in modo che corrisponda alla linea su cui si trova il cursore! Questo è eccellente per lo spostamento del codice.

Uso quanto segue per mantenere tutti i file temporanei e di backup in un’unica posizione:

 set backup set backupdir=~/.vim/backup set directory=~/.vim/tmp 

Salva le directory di lavoro ingombranti dappertutto.

Dovrai prima creare queste directory, Vim non le creerà per te.

Qualcuno (cioè Frew) che ha pubblicato sopra aveva questa linea:

“Cd automaticamente nella directory in cui si trova il file:”

 autocmd BufEnter * execute "chdir ".escape(expand("%:p:h"), ' ') 

Stavo facendo qualcosa del genere fino a quando ho scoperto che la stessa cosa poteva essere realizzata con un ambiente integrato:

 set autochdir 

Penso che qualcosa di simile sia successo a me diverse volte. Vim ha così tante diverse impostazioni e opzioni integrate che a volte è più semplice e veloce da eseguire a rotazione rispetto a cercare i documenti per il modo integrato di farlo.

La mia ultima aggiunta è per l’ evidenziazione della linea corrente

 set cul # highlight current line hi CursorLine term=none cterm=none ctermbg=3 # adjust color 

Aggiornamento 2012 : ora consiglierei vim-powerline che ha sostituito il mio vecchio script statusline, anche se al momento mancano alcune funzionalità che mi mancano.


Direi che la roba di statusline nel mio vimrc era probabilmente la più interessante / utile del lotto (strappata dagli autori vimrc qui e dal corrispondente post sul blog qui ).

Immagine dello schermo:

status line http://img34.imageshack.us/img34/849/statusline.png

Codice:

 "recalculate the trailing whitespace warning when idle, and after saving autocmd cursorhold,bufwritepost * unlet! b:statusline_trailing_space_warning "return '[\s]' if trailing white space is detected "return '' otherwise function! StatuslineTrailingSpaceWarning() if !exists("b:statusline_trailing_space_warning") if !&modifiable let b:statusline_trailing_space_warning = '' return b:statusline_trailing_space_warning endif if search('\s\+$', 'nw') != 0 let b:statusline_trailing_space_warning = '[\s]' else let b:statusline_trailing_space_warning = '' endif endif return b:statusline_trailing_space_warning endfunction "return the syntax highlight group under the cursor '' function! StatuslineCurrentHighlight() let name = synIDattr(synID(line('.'),col('.'),1),'name') if name == '' return '' else return '[' . name . ']' endif endfunction "recalculate the tab warning flag when idle and after writing autocmd cursorhold,bufwritepost * unlet! b:statusline_tab_warning "return '[&et]' if &et is set wrong "return '[mixed-indenting]' if spaces and tabs are used to indent "return an empty string if everything is fine function! StatuslineTabWarning() if !exists("b:statusline_tab_warning") let b:statusline_tab_warning = '' if !&modifiable return b:statusline_tab_warning endif let tabs = search('^\t', 'nw') != 0 "find spaces that arent used as alignment in the first indent column let spaces = search('^ \{' . &ts . ',}[^\t]', 'nw') != 0 if tabs && spaces let b:statusline_tab_warning = '[mixed-indenting]' elseif (spaces && !&et) || (tabs && &et) let b:statusline_tab_warning = '[&et]' endif endif return b:statusline_tab_warning endfunction "recalculate the long line warning when idle and after saving autocmd cursorhold,bufwritepost * unlet! b:statusline_long_line_warning "return a warning for "long lines" where "long" is either &textwidth or 80 (if "no &textwidth is set) " "return '' if no long lines "return '[#x,my,$z] if long lines are found, were x is the number of long "lines, y is the median length of the long lines and z is the length of the "longest line function! StatuslineLongLineWarning() if !exists("b:statusline_long_line_warning") if !&modifiable let b:statusline_long_line_warning = '' return b:statusline_long_line_warning endif let long_line_lens = s:LongLines() if len(long_line_lens) > 0 let b:statusline_long_line_warning = "[" . \ '#' . len(long_line_lens) . "," . \ 'm' . s:Median(long_line_lens) . "," . \ '$' . max(long_line_lens) . "]" else let b:statusline_long_line_warning = "" endif endif return b:statusline_long_line_warning endfunction "return a list containing the lengths of the long lines in this buffer function! s:LongLines() let threshold = (&tw ? &tw : 80) let spaces = repeat(" ", &ts) let long_line_lens = [] let i = 1 while i <= line("$") let len = strlen(substitute(getline(i), '\t', spaces, 'g')) if len > threshold call add(long_line_lens, len) endif let i += 1 endwhile return long_line_lens endfunction "find the median of the given array of numbers function! s:Median(nums) let nums = sort(a:nums) let l = len(nums) if l % 2 == 1 let i = (l-1) / 2 return nums[i] else return (nums[l/2] + nums[(l/2)-1]) / 2 endif endfunction "statusline setup set statusline=%f "tail of the filename "display a warning if fileformat isnt unix set statusline+=%#warningmsg# set statusline+=%{&ff!='unix'?'['.&ff.']':''} set statusline+=%* "display a warning if file encoding isnt utf-8 set statusline+=%#warningmsg# set statusline+=%{(&fenc!='utf-8'&&&fenc!='')?'['.&fenc.']':''} set statusline+=%* set statusline+=%h "help file flag set statusline+=%y "filetype set statusline+=%r "read only flag set statusline+=%m "modified flag "display a warning if &et is wrong, or we have mixed-indenting set statusline+=%#error# set statusline+=%{StatuslineTabWarning()} set statusline+=%* set statusline+=%{StatuslineTrailingSpaceWarning()} set statusline+=%{StatuslineLongLineWarning()} set statusline+=%#warningmsg# set statusline+=%{SyntasticStatuslineFlag()} set statusline+=%* "display a warning if &paste is set set statusline+=%#error# set statusline+=%{&paste?'[paste]':''} set statusline+=%* set statusline+=%= "left/right separator function! SlSpace() if exists("*GetSpaceMovement") return "[" . GetSpaceMovement() . "]" else return "" endif endfunc set statusline+=%{SlSpace()} set statusline+=%{StatuslineCurrentHighlight()}\ \ "current highlight set statusline+=%c, "cursor column set statusline+=%l/%L "cursor line/total lines set statusline+=\ %P "percent through file set laststatus=2 

Tra le altre cose, informa sulla riga di stato delle solite informazioni standard sui file, ma include anche altre cose come avvertimenti per: set paste, indentazione mista, spazio bianco finale, ecc. Molto utile se si è particolarmente anonimi riguardo alla formattazione del codice.

Inoltre, come mostrato nello screenshot, combinandolo con syntastic consente di evidenziare eventuali errori di syntax su di esso (supponendo che il linguaggio scelto sia associato a un correttore di syntax associato).

La mia versione mini:

 syntax on set background=dark set shiftwidth=2 set tabstop=2 if has("autocmd") filetype plugin indent on endif set showcmd " Show (partial) command in status line. set showmatch " Show matching brackets. set ignorecase " Do case insensitive matching set smartcase " Do smart case matching set incsearch " Incremental search set hidden " Hide buffers when they are abandoned 

La versione grande, raccolta da vari luoghi:

 syntax on set background=dark set ruler " show the line number on the bar set more " use more prompt set autoread " watch for file changes set number " line numbers set hidden set noautowrite " don't automagically write on :next set lazyredraw " don't redraw when don't have to set showmode set showcmd set nocompatible " vim, not vi set autoindent smartindent " auto/smart indent set smarttab " tab and backspace are smart set tabstop=2 " 6 spaces set shiftwidth=2 set scrolloff=5 " keep at least 5 lines above/below set sidescrolloff=5 " keep at least 5 lines left/right set history=200 set backspace=indent,eol,start set linebreak set cmdheight=2 " command line two lines high set undolevels=1000 " 1000 undos set updatecount=100 " switch every 100 chars set complete=.,w,b,u,U,t,i,d " do lots of scanning on tab completion set ttyfast " we have a fast terminal set noerrorbells " No error bells please set shell=bash set fileformats=unix set ff=unix filetype on " Enable filetype detection filetype indent on " Enable filetype-specific indenting filetype plugin on " Enable filetype-specific plugins set wildmode=longest:full set wildmenu " menu has tab completion let maplocalleader=',' " all my macros start with , set laststatus=2 " searching set incsearch " incremental search set ignorecase " search ignoring case set hlsearch " highlight the search set showmatch " show matching bracket set diffopt=filler,iwhite " ignore all whitespace and sync " backup set backup set backupdir=~/.vim_backup set viminfo=%100,'100,/100,h,\"500,:100,n~/.viminfo "set viminfo='100,f1 " spelling if v:version >= 700 " Enable spell check for text files autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *.txt setlocal spell spelllang=en endif " mappings " toggle list mode nmap tl :set list! " toggle paste mode nmap pp :set paste! 

A volte le cose più semplici sono le più preziose. Le 2 linee nel mio .vimrc che sono assolutamente indispensabili:

 nore;  :
 nore,;

Varie. impostazioni:

  1. Distriggers le fastidiose campane di errore:

     set noerrorbells set visualbell set t_vb= 
  2. Fai muovere il cursore come previsto con le linee avvolte:

     inoremap  gj inoremap  gk 
  3. Ricerca “tag” di ctags carica la directory, finché non viene trovata una:

     set tags=tags;/ 
  4. Visualizza i file SCons con la syntax Python:

     autocmd BufReadPre,BufNewFile SConstruct set filetype=python autocmd BufReadPre,BufNewFile SConscript set filetype=python 

Non sono il vim’er più avanzato del mondo, ma eccone alcuni che ho raccolto

 function! Mosh_Tab_Or_Complete() if col('.')>1 && strpart( getline('.'), col('.')-2, 3 ) =~ '^\w' return "\" else return "\" endfunction inoremap  =Mosh_Tab_Or_Complete() 

Fa in modo che la funzione di completamento automatico della tabulazione indichi se si desidera inserire una parola lì o una scheda effettiva (4 spazi).

 map cc :.,$s/^ *// 

Rimuovi tutti gli spazi bianchi iniziali da qui alla fine del file. Per qualche ragione trovo questo utile molto.

 set nu! set nobackup 

Mostra i numeri di riga e non creare quei fastidiosi file di backup. Comunque, non ho mai ripristinato nulla da un vecchio backup.

 imap ii  

Mentre è inserito, premere i due volte per passare alla modalità di comando. Non ho mai visto una parola o una variabile con 2 i di fila, e in questo modo non devo lasciare che le mie dita escano dalla fila di casa o premere più tasti per passare avanti e indietro.

Il mio vimrc fortemente commentato, con i collegamenti dei tasti readline-esque (emacs):

 if version >= 700 "------ Meta ------" " clear all autocommands! (this comment must be on its own line) autocmd! set nocompatible " break away from old vi compatibility set fileformats=unix,dos,mac " support all three newline formats set viminfo= " don't use or save viminfo files "------ Console UI & Text display ------" set cmdheight=1 " explicitly set the height of the command line set showcmd " Show (partial) command in status line. set number " yay line numbers set ruler " show current position at bottom set noerrorbells " don't whine set visualbell t_vb= " and don't make faces set lazyredraw " don't redraw while in macros set scrolloff=5 " keep at least 5 lines around the cursor set wrap " soft wrap long lines set list " show invisible characters set listchars=tab:>·,trail:· " but only show tabs and trailing whitespace set report=0 " report back on all changes set shortmess=atI " shorten messages and don't show intro set wildmenu " turn on wild menu :e  set wildmode=list:longest " set wildmenu to list choice if has('syntax') syntax on " Remember that rxvt-unicode has 88 colors by default; enable this only if " you are using the 256-color patch if &term == 'rxvt-unicode' set t_Co=256 endif if &t_Co == 256 colorscheme xoria256 else colorscheme peachpuff endif endif "------ Text editing and searching behavior ------" set nohlsearch " turn off highlighting for searched expressions set incsearch " highlight as we search however set matchtime=5 " blink matching chars for .x seconds set mouse=a " try to use a mouse in the console (wimp!) set ignorecase " set case insensitivity set smartcase " unless there's a capital letter set completeopt=menu,longest,preview " more autocomplete -P options set nostartofline " leave my cursor position alone! set backspace=2 " equiv to :set backspace=indent,eol,start set textwidth=80 " we like 80 columns set showmatch " show matching brackets set formatoptions=tcrql " t - autowrap to textwidth " c - autowrap comments to textwidth " r - autoinsert comment leader with  " q - allow formatting of comments with :gq " l - don't format already long lines "------ Indents and tabs ------" set autoindent " set the cursor at same indent as line above set smartindent " try to be smart about indenting (C-style) set expandtab " expand s with spaces; death to tabs! set shiftwidth=4 " spaces for each step of (auto)indent set softtabstop=4 " set virtual tab stop (compat for 8-wide tabs) set tabstop=8 " for proper display of files with tabs set shiftround " always round indents to multiple of shiftwidth set copyindent " use existing indents for new indents set preserveindent " save as much indent structure as possible filetype plugin indent on " load filetype plugins and indent settings "------ Key bindings ------" " Remap broken meta-keys that send ^[ for n in range(97,122) " ASCII az let c = nr2char(n) exec "set =\e". c exec "map \e". c ." " exec "map! \e". c ." " endfor """ Emacs keybindings " first move the window command because we'll be taking it over noremap   " Movement left/right noremap!   noremap!   " word left/right noremap  b noremap!  b noremap  w noremap!  w " line start/end noremap  ^ noremap!  I noremap  $ noremap!  A " Rubout word / line and enter insert mode noremap  i noremap  i " Forward delete char / word / line and enter insert mode noremap!  x noremap  dw noremap!  dw noremap  Da noremap!  D " Undo / Redo and enter normal mode noremap  u noremap!  u noremap!   " Remap  to word completion noremap!   " OS X paste (pretty poor implementation) if has('mac') noremap √ :r!pbpaste noremap! √ √ endif """ screen.vim REPL: http://github.com/ervandew/vimfiles " send paragraph to parallel process vmap  :ScreenSend nmap  mCvip`C imap   " set shell region height let g:ScreenShellHeight = 12 "------ Filetypes ------" " Vimscript autocmd FileType vim setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=4 tabstop=8 softtabstop=4 " Shell autocmd FileType sh setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=4 tabstop=8 softtabstop=4 " Lisp autocmd Filetype lisp,scheme setlocal equalprg=~/.vim/bin/lispindent.lisp expandtab shiftwidth=2 tabstop=8 softtabstop=2 " Ruby autocmd FileType ruby setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=2 tabstop=2 softtabstop=2 " PHP autocmd FileType php setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=4 tabstop=4 softtabstop=4 " X?HTML & XML autocmd FileType html,xhtml,xml setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=2 tabstop=2 softtabstop=2 " CSS autocmd FileType css setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=4 tabstop=4 softtabstop=4 " JavaScript " autocmd BufRead,BufNewFile *.json setfiletype javascript autocmd FileType javascript setlocal expandtab shiftwidth=2 tabstop=2 softtabstop=2 let javascript_enable_domhtmlcss=1 "------ END VIM-500 ------" endif " version >= 500 
 syntax on set cindent set ts=4 set sw=4 set backspace=2 set laststatus=2 set nohlsearch set modeline set modelines=3 set ai map Q gq set vb t_vb= set nowrap set ss=5 set is set scs set ru map  :w map!  :w map  :qa map!  :qa map  :wqa map!  :wqa inoremap  W inoremap  w nnoremap  W nnoremap  w " Fancy middle-line  inoremap  o nnoremap  o " This is the way I like my quotation marks and various braces inoremap '' '' inoremap "" "" inoremap () () inoremap <> <> inoremap {} {} inoremap [] [] inoremap () () " Quickly set comma or semicolon at the end of the string inoremap ,, , inoremap ;; ; au FileType python inoremap :: : au FileType perl,python set foldlevel=0 au FileType perl,python set foldcolumn=4 au FileType perl,python set fen au FileType perl set fdm=syntax au FileType python set fdm=indent au FileType perl,python set fdn=4 au FileType perl,python set fml=10 au FileType perl,python set fdo=block,hor,mark,percent,quickfix,search,tag,undo,search au FileType perl,python abbr sefl self au FileType perl abbr sjoft shift au FileType perl abbr DUmper Dumper function! ToggleNumberRow() if !exists("g:NumberRow") || 0 == g:NumberRow let g:NumberRow = 1 call ReverseNumberRow() else let g:NumberRow = 0 call NormalizeNumberRow() endif endfunction " Reverse the number row characters function! ReverseNumberRow() " map each number to its shift-key character inoremap 1 ! inoremap 2 @ inoremap 3 # inoremap 4 $ inoremap 5 % inoremap 6 ^ inoremap 7 & inoremap 8 * inoremap 9 ( inoremap 0 ) inoremap - _ inoremap 90 () " and then the opposite inoremap ! 1 inoremap @ 2 inoremap # 3 inoremap $ 4 inoremap % 5 inoremap ^ 6 inoremap & 7 inoremap * 8 inoremap ( 9 inoremap ) 0 inoremap _ - endfunction " DO the opposite to ReverseNumberRow -- give everything back function! NormalizeNumberRow() iunmap 1 iunmap 2 iunmap 3 iunmap 4 iunmap 5 iunmap 6 iunmap 7 iunmap 8 iunmap 9 iunmap 0 iunmap - "------ iunmap ! iunmap @ iunmap # iunmap $ iunmap % iunmap ^ iunmap & iunmap * iunmap ( iunmap ) iunmap _ inoremap () () endfunction "call ToggleNumberRow() nnoremap  :call ToggleNumberRow() " Add use  at the top of the file function! UseWord(word) let spec_cases = {'Dumper': 'Data::Dumper'} let my_word = a:word if has_key(spec_cases, my_word) let my_word = spec_cases[my_word] endif let was_used = search("^use.*" . my_word, "bw") if was_used > 0 echo "Used already" return 0 endif let last_use = search("^use", "bW") if 0 == last_use last_use = search("^package", "bW") if 0 == last_use last_use = 1 endif endif let use_string = "use " . my_word . ";" let res = append(last_use, use_string) return 1 endfunction function! UseCWord() let cline = line(".") let ccol = col(".") let ch = UseWord(expand("")) normal mu call cursor(cline + ch, ccol) endfunction function! GetWords(pattern) let cline = line(".") let ccol = col(".") call cursor(1,1) let temp_dict = {} let cpos = searchpos(a:pattern) while cpos[0] != 0 let temp_dict[expand("")] = 1 let cpos = searchpos(a:pattern, 'W') endwhile call cursor(cline, ccol) return keys(temp_dict) endfunction " Append the list of words, that match the pattern after cursor function! AppendWordsLike(pattern) let word_list = sort(GetWords(a:pattern)) call append(line("."), word_list) endfunction nnoremap  :call UseCWord() " Useful to mark some code lines as debug statements function! MarkDebug() let cline = line(".") let ctext = getline(cline) call setline(cline, ctext . "##_DEBUG_") endfunction " Easily remove debug statements function! RemoveDebug() %g/#_DEBUG_/d endfunction au FileType perl,python inoremap  :call MarkDebug() au FileType perl,python inoremap  :call RemoveDebug() au FileType perl,python nnoremap  :call RemoveDebug() " end Perl settings nnoremap   :TlistToggle inoremap   :TlistToggle function! AlwaysCD() if bufname("") !~ "^scp://" && bufname("") !~ "^sftp://" && bufname("") !~ "^ftp://" lcd %:p:h endif endfunction autocmd BufEnter * call AlwaysCD() function! DeleteRedundantSpaces() let cline = line(".") let ccol = col(".") silent! %s/\s\+$//g call cursor(cline, ccol) endfunction au BufWrite * call DeleteRedundantSpaces() set nobackup set nowritebackup set cul colorscheme evening autocmd FileType python set formatoptions=wcrq2l autocmd FileType python set inc="^\s*from" autocmd FileType python so /usr/share/vim/vim72/indent/python.vim autocmd FileType c set si autocmd FileType mail set noai autocmd FileType mail set ts=3 autocmd FileType mail set tw=78 autocmd FileType mail set shiftwidth=3 autocmd FileType mail set expandtab autocmd FileType xslt set ts=4 autocmd FileType xslt set shiftwidth=4 autocmd FileType txt set ts=3 autocmd FileType txt set tw=78 autocmd FileType txt set expandtab " Move cursor together with the screen noremap  j noremap  k " Better Marks nnoremap ' ` 

Some fixes for common typos have saved me a surprising amount of time:

 :command WQ wq :command Wq wq :command W w :command Q q iab anf and iab adn and iab ans and iab teh the iab thre there 

I didn’t realize how many of my 3200 .vimrc lines were just for my quirky needs and would be pretty uninspiring to list here. But maybe that’s why Vim is so useful…

 iab AlP ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ iab MoN January February March April May June July August September October November December iab MoO Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec iab NuM 12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890 iab RuL ----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8----+----9----+----0 " Highlight every other line map , :set hls/\\n.*\\n/ " This is for working across multiple xterms and/or gvims " Transfer/read and write one block of text between vim sessions (capture whole line): " Write nmap ;w :. w! ~/.vimxfer " Read nmap ;r :r ~/.vimxfer " Append nmap ;a :. w! >>~/.vimxfer 

My 242-line .vimrc is not that interesting, but since nobody mentioned it, I felt like I must share the two most important mappings that have enhanced my workflow besides the default mappings:

 map  :bprev map  :bnext set hidden " this will go along 

Seriously, switching buffers is the thing to do very often. Windows, sure, but everything doesn’t fit the screen so nicely.

Similar set of maps for quick browsing of errors (see quickfix) and grep results:

 map  :cn map  :cp 

Simple, effortless and efficient.

 set nobackup set nocp set tabstop=4 set shiftwidth=4 set et set ignorecase set ai set ruler set showcmd set incsearch set dir=$temp " Make swap live in the %TEMP% directory syn on " Load the color scheme colo inkpot 

I use cscope from within vim (making great use of the multiple buffers). I use control-K to initiate most of the commands (stolen from ctags as I recall). Also, I’ve already generated the .cscope.out file.

if has(“cscope”)

 set cscopeprg=/usr/local/bin/cscope set cscopetagorder=0 set cscopetag set cscopepathcomp=3 set nocscopeverbose cs add .cscope.out set csverb " " cscope find " " 0 or s: Find this C symbol " 1 or d: Find this definition " 2 or g: Find functions called by this function " 3 or c: Find functions calling this function " 4 or t: Find assignments to " 6 or e: Find this egrep pattern " 7 or f: Find this file " 8 or i: Find files #including this file " map ^Ks :cs find 0 =expand("") map ^Kd :cs find 1 =expand("") map ^Kg :cs find 2 =expand("") map ^Kc :cs find 3 =expand("") map ^Kt :cs find 4 =expand("") map ^Ke :cs find 6 =expand("") map ^Kf :cs find 7 =expand("") map ^Ki :cs find 8 =expand("%") 

finisci se

I keep my vimrc file up on github. Potete trovare qui:

http://github.com/developernotes/vim-setup/tree/master

I’m on OS X, so some of these might have better defaults on other platforms, but regardless:

 syntax on set tabstop=4 set expandtab set shiftwidth=4 
 map = }{!}fmt^M} map + }{!}fmt -p '> '^M} set showmatch 

= is for reformatting normal paragraphs. + is for reformatting paragraphs in quoted emails. showmatch is for flashing the matching parenthesis/bracket when I type a close parenthesis or bracket.

Use the first available ‘tags’ file in the directory tree:

 :set tags=tags;/ 

Left and right are for switching buffers, not moving the cursor:

 map  :bn map  :bp 

Disable search highlighting with a single keypress:

 map - :nohls 
 set tabstop=4 softtabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 expandtab autoindent cindent set encoding=utf-8 fileencoding=utf-8 set nobackup nowritebackup noswapfile autoread set number set hlsearch incsearch ignorecase smartcase if has("gui_running") set lines=35 columns=140 colorscheme ir_black else colorscheme darkblue endif " bash like auto-completion set wildmenu set wildmode=list:longest inoremap   " for lusty explorer noremap glr \lr noremap glf \lf noremap glb \lb " use ctrl-h/j/k/l to switch between splits map  j map  k map  l map  h " Nerd tree stuff let NERDTreeIgnore = ['\.pyc$', '\.pyo$'] noremap gn :NERDTree " cd to the current file's directory noremap gc :lcd %:h 

Put this in your vimrc:

 imap  => 

and never think about typing a hashrocket again. Yes, I know you don’t need to in Ruby 1.9. But never mind that.

My full vimrc is here .

Well, you’ll have to scavenge my configs yourself. Divertiti. Mostly it’s just my desired setup, including mappings and random syntax-relevant stuff, as well as folding setup and some plugin configuration, a tex-compilation parser etc.

BTW, something I found extremely useful is “highlight word under cursor”:

  highlight flicker cterm=bold ctermfg=white au CursorMoved  exe 'match flicker /\V\<'.escape(expand(''), '/').'\>/' 

Note that only cterm and termfg are used, because I don’t use gvim . If you want that to work in gvim just replac them with gui and guifg , respectively.

I’ve tried to keep my .vimrc as generally useful as possible.

A handy trick in there is a handler for .gpg files to edit them securely:

 au BufNewFile,BufReadPre *.gpg :set secure vimi= noswap noback nowriteback hist=0 binary au BufReadPost *.gpg :%!gpg -d 2>/dev/null au BufWritePre *.gpg :%!gpg -e -r '[email protected]' 2>/dev/null au BufWritePost *.gpg u 

1) I like a statusline (with the filename, ascii value (decimal), hex value, and the standard lines, cols, and %):

 set statusline=%t%h%m%r%=[%b\ 0x%02B]\ \ \ %l,%c%V\ %P " Always show a status line set laststatus=2 "make the command line 1 line high set cmdheight=1 

2) I also like mappings for split windows.

 "  switches to the next window (give it a second) " n switches to the next window "  switches to the next window and maximizes it " = Equalizes the size of all windows " + Increases the size of the current window " - Decreases the size of the current window :map  w :map n w :map  w_ :map = = if bufwinnr(1) map + + map - - endif 

There isn’t much actually in my .vimrc (even if it has 850 lines). Mostly settings and a few common and simple mappings that I was too lazy to extract into plugins.

If you mean “template-files” by “auto-classs”, I’m using a template-expander plugin — on this same site, you’ll find the ftplugins I’ve defined for C&C++ editing, some may be adapted to C# I guess.

Regarding the refactoring aspect, there is a tip dedicated to this subject on http://vim.wikia.com ; IIRC the example code is for C#. It inspired me a refactoring plugin that still needs of lot of work (it needs to be refactored actually).

You should have a look at the archives of vim mailing-list, specially the subjects about using vim as an effective IDE. Don’t forget to have a look at :make, tags, …

HTH,

My .vimrc includes (among other, more usefull things) the following line:

 set statusline=%2*%n\|%<%*%-.40F%2*\|\ %2*%M\ %3*%=%1*\ %1*%2.6l%2*x%1*%1.9(%c%V%)%2*[%1*%P%2*]%1*%2B 

I got bored while learning for my high school finals.

Here is my .vimrc. I use Gvim 7.2

 set guioptions=em set showtabline=2 set softtabstop=2 set shiftwidth=2 set tabstop=2 " Use spaces instead of tabs set expandtab set autoindent " Colors and fonts colorscheme inkpot set guifont=Consolas:h11:cANSI "TAB navigation like firefox :nmap  :tabprevious :nmap  :tabnext :imap  :tabpreviousi :imap  :tabnexti :nmap  :tabnew :imap  :tabnewi :map  :tabclose " No Backups and line numbers set nobackup set number set nuw=6 " swp files are saved to %Temp% folder set dir=$temp " sets the default size of gvim on open set lines=40 columns=90 

What’s in my .vimrc ?

 [email protected]:~$ cat .vimrc " This file intentionally left blank 

The real config files lie under ~/.vim/ :)

And most of the stuff there is parasiting on other people’s efforts, blatantly adapted from vim.org to my editing advantage.