convertire la chiave rsa di openSSH nel formato compatibile con javax.crypto.Cipher

C’è un modo per convertire a livello di codice le chiavi RSA SSH generate da Jsch in un formato che javax.crypto.Cipher può usare per la crittografia? Ho visto per lo più risposte simili a questa :

openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -inform PEM -outform DER -in private_key_file -nocrypt > pkcs8_key 

Ma non ho accesso ai comandi openSSL o shell. BTW: sto solo usando JDK6.

Grazie a @erickson per il suo aiuto, posso convertire la chiave pubblica da RFC4716 in una chiave pubblica Java utilizzando l’esponente e il modulo come i tipi BigInteger passati a un KeyFactory con RSAPublicKeySpec . La sua soluzione è sotto.

Ora sto provando a convertire la chiave privata. Ecco un esempio di privateJsch.key generato usando writePrivateKey(str filename) :

 -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- MIICXAIBAAKBgQC0ouLgTjmKjHU6UjNSL8HyTIdFM1UdVpgU81paWKreN8L36YoT goZQHeyyUCCHmq3r3cKaySyu93mHBY0l76qSAIRZgE1IAFkBhNWBdlJ9UYA9HXm/ MqTQHbpqz0EYGE9TsFHS8dn1/utsJxKSWZ4xPNYjfS4Ps6G84iRwfdrIbQIDAQAB AoGAKv3xnY1AqLcRV5Yk3NS9Blwsfc3f3iG0BJh+0q3zzPvcjYCp+kbAjOTyZuYn N98asd6P6KMk3WfNJtOtanAGWl46bmtzNsQtSr5rVQEgs2w8i2yJcwVAYf2Td4qX m3dH+roJA/CEFRSDat4sUfjOVmsYQXIBa0W2XTpp+7T1U4ECQQD1wSR6iTz7Bja0 MPcizDbRTRQHALBf7E8j8YOLpN/IGSox9pT+ktjsI2vMaD+b3SM4s0FD8quBlppE o5FAguHxAkEAvCrCK7eZU3H+Ul1iw9Kd3WPHjDvQcdT5rEL+NSYEZyHgU7ipXEih UHvK47Bkte/PVIu3jBFBnMujA0XiT0gSPQJBAI3+8j/nChgU6AjHfhRaIJZgzeCZ 8k8KcFPZWWOXeUHZ4HqL+lz5pmMSuFecKJy7cn1xfZVwIs62oR5l0CiRN1ECQCui CqaSi3ZjH6M/znA0PbEhuxsUn7BVv5OncUUnzKuRmnAviO5CVU3Rdum3dJMPydcE Ewri0YEnY2SV5vWVc80CQH43uBbshz7ju3DdVykHFrRElQB+f0YMK3Ad7eu+us0w dLrOOoXP0T60B/bMTo8rdMa6XU/0w/w8FsOqoxNY23U= -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY----- 

usando openssl asn1parse -in privateJsch.key -out privateJsch.der yeild:

 $ openssl asn1parse -in privateJsch.key -out privateJsch.der 0:d=0 hl=4 l= 604 cons: SEQUENCE 4:d=1 hl=2 l= 1 prim: INTEGER :00 7:d=1 hl=3 l= 129 prim: INTEGER :B4A2E2E04E398A8C753A5233522FC1F24C874533551D569814F35A5A58AADE37C2F7E98A138286501DECB25020879AADEBDDC29AC92CAEF77987058D25EFAA92008459804D4800590184D58176527D51803D1D79BF32A4D01DBA6ACF4118184F53B051D2F1D9F5FEEB6C271292599E313CD6237D2E0FB3A1BCE224707DDAC86D 139:d=1 hl=2 l= 3 prim: INTEGER :010001 144:d=1 hl=3 l= 128 prim: INTEGER :2AFDF19D8D40A8B711579624DCD4BD065C2C7DCDDFDE21B404987ED2ADF3CCFBDC8D80A9FA46C08CE4F266E62737DF1AB1DE8FE8A324DD67CD26D3AD6A70065A5E3A6E6B7336C42D4ABE6B550120B36C3C8B6C8973054061FD93778A979B7747FABA0903F0841514836ADE2C51F8CE566B184172016B45B65D3A69FBB4F55381 275:d=1 hl=2 l= 65 prim: INTEGER :F5C1247A893CFB0636B430F722CC36D14D140700B05FEC4F23F1838BA4DFC8192A31F694FE92D8EC236BCC683F9BDD2338B34143F2AB81969A44A3914082E1F1 342:d=1 hl=2 l= 65 prim: INTEGER :BC2AC22BB7995371FE525D62C3D29DDD63C78C3BD071D4F9AC42FE3526046721E053B8A95C48A1507BCAE3B064B5EFCF548BB78C11419CCBA30345E24F48123D 409:d=1 hl=2 l= 65 prim: INTEGER :8DFEF23FE70A1814E808C77E145A209660CDE099F24F0A7053D95963977941D9E07A8BFA5CF9A66312B8579C289CBB727D717D957022CEB6A11E65D028913751 476:d=1 hl=2 l= 64 prim: INTEGER :2BA20AA6928B76631FA33FCE70343DB121BB1B149FB055BF93A7714527CCAB919A702F88EE42554DD176E9B774930FC9D704130AE2D18127636495E6F59573CD 542:d=1 hl=2 l= 64 prim: INTEGER :7E37B816EC873EE3BB70DD57290716B44495007E7F460C2B701DEDEBBEBACD3074BACE3A85CFD13EB407F6CC4E8F2B74C6BA5D4FF4C3FC3C16C3AAA31358DB75 

base64 decodifica la porzione chiave produce quanto segue in esadecimale suddiviso in componenti ASN.1 PKCS # 1 (vedi RFC3447) solo per questo esempio, altri seguiranno pattern con diversi numeri di byte:

 30:82: x3082 == ASN.1 Sequence 02:5C: Key Length == 604 bytes 02:01: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 1 byte 00: Version == 0 02:81:81: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Modulus Length == 129 bytes 00:B4:A2:E2:E0:4E:39:8A:8C:75:3A:52:33:52:2F:C1: F2:4C:87:45:33:55:1D:56:98:14:F3:5A:5A:58:AA:DE: 37:C2:F7:E9:8A:13:82:86:50:1D:EC:B2:50:20:87:9A: AD:EB:DD:C2:9A:C9:2C:AE:F7:79:87:05:8D:25:EF:AA: 92:00:84:59:80:4D:48:00:59:01:84:D5:81:76:52:7D: 51:80:3D:1D:79:BF:32:A4:D0:1D:BA:6A:CF:41:18:18: 4F:53:B0:51:D2:F1:D9:F5:FE:EB:6C:27:12:92:59:9E: 31:3C:D6:23:7D:2E:0F:B3:A1:BC:E2:24:70:7D:DA:C8: 6D: Modulus 02:03: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 3 bytes 01:00:01: Public Exponent 02:81:80: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 128 bytes 2A:FD:F1:9D:8D:40:A8:B7:11:57:96:24:DC:D4:BD:06: 5C:2C:7D:CD:DF:DE:21:B4:04:98:7E:D2:AD:F3:CC:FB: DC:8D:80:A9:FA:46:C0:8C:E4:F2:66:E6:27:37:DF:1A: B1:DE:8F:E8:A3:24:DD:67:CD:26:D3:AD:6A:70:06:5A: 5E:3A:6E:6B:73:36:C4:2D:4A:BE:6B:55:01:20:B3:6C: 3C:8B:6C:89:73:05:40:61:FD:93:77:8A:97:9B:77:47: FA:BA:09:03:F0:84:15:14:83:6A:DE:2C:51:F8:CE:56: 6B:18:41:72:01:6B:45:B6:5D:3A:69:FB:B4:F5:53:81: Private Exponent 02:41: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 65 bytes 00:F5:C1:24:7A:89:3C:FB:06:36:B4:30:F7:22:CC:36: D1:4D:14:07:00:B0:5F:EC:4F:23:F1:83:8B:A4:DF:C8: 19:2A:31:F6:94:FE:92:D8:EC:23:6B:CC:68:3F:9B:DD: 23:38:B3:41:43:F2:AB:81:96:9A:44:A3:91:40:82:E1: F1: Prime P 02:41: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 65 bytes 00:BC:2A:C2:2B:B7:99:53:71:FE:52:5D:62:C3:D2:9D: DD:63:C7:8C:3B:D0:71:D4:F9:AC:42:FE:35:26:04:67: 21:E0:53:B8:A9:5C:48:A1:50:7B:CA:E3:B0:64:B5:EF: CF:54:8B:B7:8C:11:41:9C:CB:A3:03:45:E2:4F:48:12: 3D: Prime Q 02:41: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 65 bytes 00:8D:FE:F2:3F:E7:0A:18:14:E8:08:C7:7E:14:5A:20: 96:60:CD:E0:99:F2:4F:0A:70:53:D9:59:63:97:79:41: D9:E0:7A:8B:FA:5C:F9:A6:63:12:B8:57:9C:28:9C:BB: 72:7D:71:7D:95:70:22:CE:B6:A1:1E:65:D0:28:91:37: 51: Prime P Exponent 02:40: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 64 bytes 2B:A2:0A:A6:92:8B:76:63:1F:A3:3F:CE:70:34:3D:B1: 21:BB:1B:14:9F:B0:55:BF:93:A7:71:45:27:CC:AB:91: 9A:70:2F:88:EE:42:55:4D:D1:76:E9:B7:74:93:0F:C9: D7:04:13:0A:E2:D1:81:27:63:64:95:E6:F5:95:73:CD: Prime Q Exponent 02:40: x02 == ASN.1 integer, Value Length == 64 bytes 7E:37:B8:16:EC:87:3E:E3:BB:70:DD:57:29:07:16:B4: 44:95:00:7E:7F:46:0C:2B:70:1D:ED:EB:BE:BA:CD:30: 74:BA:CE:3A:85:CF:D1:3E:B4:07:F6:CC:4E:8F:2B:74: C6:BA:5D:4F:F4:C3:FC:3C:16:C3:AA:A3:13:58:DB:75 CRT Coefficient 

Messaggi simili:

  • File-how-to-convert-openssh-chiave pubblica-format-to-PEM
  • how-to-generate-ssh-compatibile-id-rsa-pub-da-java
  • how-to-load-rsa-privato-chiave-da-lima
  • formattazione-RSA-keys-per-openssl-in-java
  • e molti altri, anche su https://security.stackexchange.com

Riferimenti:

  • BouncyCastle / java
  • ASN1-chiave-strutture-in-der-e-PEM
  • RFC3447
  • RFC4716
  • rsa_key_breakdown

 static KeyPair demo(InputStream pub, InputStream pvt) throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException { KeyFactory f = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA"); RSAPublicKeySpec pubspec = decodeRSAPublicSSH(readAllBase64Bytes(pub)); RSAPrivateCrtKeySpec pvtspec = decodeRSAPrivatePKCS1(readAllBase64Bytes(pvt)); return new KeyPair(f.generatePublic(pubspec), f.generatePrivate(pvtspec)); } static RSAPublicKeySpec decodeOpenSSH(byte[] input) { String[] fields = new String(input, StandardCharsets.US_ASCII).split(" "); if ((fields.length < 2) || (!fields[0].equals("ssh-rsa"))) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unsupported type"); byte[] std = Base64.getDecoder().decode(fields[1]); return decodeRSAPublicSSH(std); } static RSAPublicKeySpec decodeRSAPublicSSH(byte[] encoded) { ByteBuffer input = ByteBuffer.wrap(encoded); String type = string(input); if (!"ssh-rsa".equals(type)) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unsupported type"); BigInteger exp = sshint(input); BigInteger mod = sshint(input); if (input.hasRemaining()) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Excess data"); return new RSAPublicKeySpec(mod, exp); } static RSAPrivateCrtKeySpec decodeRSAPrivatePKCS1(byte[] encoded) { ByteBuffer input = ByteBuffer.wrap(encoded); if (der(input, 0x30) != input.remaining()) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Excess data"); if (!BigInteger.ZERO.equals(derint(input))) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unsupported version"); BigInteger n = derint(input); BigInteger e = derint(input); BigInteger d = derint(input); BigInteger p = derint(input); BigInteger q = derint(input); BigInteger ep = derint(input); BigInteger eq = derint(input); BigInteger c = derint(input); return new RSAPrivateCrtKeySpec(n, e, d, p, q, ep, eq, c); } private static String string(ByteBuffer buf) { return new String(lenval(buf), Charset.forName("US-ASCII")); } private static BigInteger sshint(ByteBuffer buf) { return new BigInteger(+1, lenval(buf)); } private static byte[] lenval(ByteBuffer buf) { byte[] copy = new byte[buf.getInt()]; buf.get(copy); return copy; } private static BigInteger derint(ByteBuffer input) { int len = der(input, 0x02); byte[] value = new byte[len]; input.get(value); return new BigInteger(+1, value); } private static int der(ByteBuffer input, int exp) { int tag = input.get() & 0xFF; if (tag != exp) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unexpected tag"); int n = input.get() & 0xFF; if (n < 128) return n; n &= 0x7F; if ((n < 1) || (n > 2)) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid length"); int len = 0; while (n-- > 0) { len <<= 8; len |= input.get() & 0xFF; } return len; } private static byte[] readAllBase64Bytes(InputStream input) throws IOException { ByteArrayOutputStream output = new ByteArrayOutputStream(); BufferedReader r = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(input, StandardCharsets.US_ASCII)); Decoder decoder = Base64.getDecoder(); while (true) { String line = r.readLine(); if (line == null) break; if (line.startsWith("-----")) continue; output.write(decoder.decode(line)); } return output.toByteArray(); }